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The Soviet Space Probes Aiming for Venus

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Venera Program

The photo was taken by Venera 13 on the surface of Venus before succumbing to extreme temperatures, 1981 (Source: Astronomy)

Space probes were adapted from the idea of satellites which were fairly easy to build and the biggest advantage is that they could be controlled remotely. The Venera project was inspired by Sputnik 1 which was the first satellite sent into space. This project had the aim of reaching Venus and taking photos once landed on the planet.

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Photo of Venera 1 probe, 1961 (Source: DrewexMachina)
  • Radar altimeter
  • Gas analyzer
  • Thermometers
  • Detachable pod
  • Many others
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Many more attempts were made in a period of 30 years since the project had begun. The biggest problem turned out to be the harsh conditions on Venus. On February 5th, 1974 whilst the Soviet Union was still working on Venera 9, NASA managed to get their own probe into the atmosphere of Venus and take the first photo of the planet.

On Feb. 5, 1974, NASA’s Mariner 10 mission took this first close-up photo of Venus. (Source: NASA )
A panoramic view of the surface of Venus from the Venera 13 lander (Source: NASA)
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History

The Great Wall of China Is Coming Down

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This ancient monument is doomed to collapse after 2,241 years

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Part of Jiankou watchtower wall started to come down and decay (Source: Audley)
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Map representing parts of the Great Wall of China built in different periods (Source: The Australian)
Photo of the Yanmen Pass section built during the Ming dynasty (Source: Pixabay)
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The damaged site (pictured) is adjacent to the historically significant Yanmen Pass in Dai county, north China’s Shanxi province in 2018 (Source: Xinzhou News)
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The Horrific Jasenovac Concentration Camp a.k.a. The Auschwitz of Balkans

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Corpses in the Sava River near Jasenovac concentration camp (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
The entire Serbian family was slaughtered by the Ustashe in 1941 (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
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If the Nazis tried to distance themselves from mass executions by using gas chambers, the Ustashe indulged in one-on-one violence. Most of their victims were killed using knives, sledgehammers, and axes.

The execution of prisoners at Jasenovac concentration camp (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
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A murdered girl lies on the ground near the Jasenovac camp (Image: collections.ushmm.org)
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Prisoners in the Jasenovac concentration camp (Image: collections.ushmm.org)

The cauldron of a cabbage soup in the Jasenovac concentration camp comprised of boiled water with few leaves of cabbage.

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An Ustashe guard stands among the bodies of murdered prisoners in the Jasenovac camp (Image: collections.ushmm.org)
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Vjekoslav Luburić

Vjekoslav Luburić (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
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Miroslav Filipović

Two photos of Miroslav Filipovic — dressed as a Franciscan friar (left) and as a camp guard (right) (Image: alchetron.com)
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Ljubo Miloš

Ljubo Miloš in Ustashe uniform (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
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“I know I will burn in hell for what I have done. But I will burn for Croatia.”

— Miloš when asked about his murders

The Serb cutter, a knife worn over the hand that was used for the quick slaughter of prisoners at Jasenovac (Image: Wikimedia Commons)
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